Optical fiber invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss.
The Crimean War begins.
Mongols destroy Baghdad.
The Third Sacred War begins between the forces of the Delphic Amphictyonic League, principally represented by Thebes, and latterly by Philip II of Macedon, and the Phocians.
Ziggurat in Khuzestan, in present day Iran is built. Moses leads the Israelites on an exodus out of Egypt.
Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species.
Pendulum clock invented by Christiaan Huygens.
Decius persecutes Christians.
The Crimean War ends.
The Dedication of Temple at Jerusalem is built by Solomon.
Alphabetic, movable type printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg.
French and Indian War begins.